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How to Take Care of Bonsai Trees Taking care of a Bonsai tree is not a hard task as is commonly thought. Bonsai tree is planted in small containers, and hence only a few basic guidelines need to be followed when it comes to fertilizing, watering and repotting. Though these plants are more delicate as compared to the average indoor plant, a few basic rules are enough to guide you in taking care of the tree properly. Watering Watering is the most critical care and maintenance practice for your Bonsai tree. There are several factors that determine how often a tree needs to be watered; the species, the size of the tree, soil mixture, the time of the year, and climate. As such, it is therefore not possible to determine how often you should water your Bonsai, but the following should offer you a guideline on how to go about it. Water your trees when the soil gets slightly dry. This means that you should not water the tree when the soil is still wet but when it feels slightly dry. At no point should you water the Bonsai on a routine. Keep watching the trees individually instead of watering them on a regular basis, until you are exactly sure of the work you are doing.
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It is important that you ensure that you are using the right soil mix. The rate at which trees should be watered is in a great way influenced by the soil mixture. It is imperative that you use a combination that retains more water when you are not in a position of regularly watering the trees.
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Applying Fertilizer Fertilizing regularly during the growth period is essential for the Bonsai to survive. Do not fertilize re-potted trees for about a month and also do not fertilize trees that are diseased. Repotting the Bonsai Tree To prevent a tree from being bound to the pot and ultimately starving to death, it is important that it is re-potted regularly. Re-potting the Bonsai does not keep it small but rather supplies the tree with nutrients that it needs to grow and flourish. The species of the tree and the size of the container determine how often the Bonsai needs to be re-potted. Trees that tend to grow faster are repotted after two years while those older and mature ones need to be repotted after every three or five years. Repotting shouldn’t be done on a routine but instead, one should check on the tress every early spring by carefully removing from the pot. A Bonsai plant is repotted when the roots circle the root system. If you find out the roots of the Bonsai are still intact in the soil, you need to give it another year before repotting. Early spring is an ideal time for repotting when the tree is still in its dormancy.